Water pollution is defined as pollution of water bodies which include lakes, rivers, oceans, and groundwater. This condition is generally caused by the production of hazardous substances or waste dumped into the water body. Water pollution not only results in contaminated water, but also harms living things that depend on clean water to survive.
Unfortunately, global warming, climate change, and the rapid growth of the world’s population are making water resources increasingly polluted. This is what then causes the emergence of various new diseases in the community. What can we do to overcome this condition? Here are some simple ways to reduce water pollution.
1. Don’t Throw Medicine in the Drains
Medicines that have expired or are no longer being consumed, whether in the form of pills, capsules, syrup, or powder, should not be disposed of in the toilet or sink. This is because the compounds contained in the drugs will cause adverse effects on fish and other aquatic animals. It can also contaminate the water we consume. Make sure to always dispose of medical waste properly so it doesn’t end up contaminating our water sources.
2. Limit the Use of Detergents and Bleach
While it’s OK to use detergent and bleach in dishwashers and washing machines, it’s best to limit their use as much as possible. Follow the instructions for using the amount of detergent on the package and don’t overdo it. It’s also a good idea to wash clothes or clothes in large quantities at once, rather than just 1-2 pieces. Do not forget to choose a detergent that is minimal in harmful chemicals.
3. Perform Routine Vehicle Maintenance
If you have a car, motorbike, or other motorized vehicle, make sure it is regularly maintained. This is to avoid leaks that cause oil, gasoline, or other liquids to end up in the local water system and into rivers. A well-maintained vehicle also minimizes air pollution which not many people realize also contributes to water pollution.
4. Choose Your Food Wisely
The food we choose to consume has a significant impact on water quality. That’s the reason we need to be wise in choosing the food we eat. Make sure the food manufacturing process pays attention to the concept of sustainability. In addition, consuming more plant-based foods than animal-based foods will be better in minimizing water pollution.
5. Participate in River or Beach Cleaning Activities
As a result, there are still many who neglect not to litter, rivers or seas are increasingly polluted. We can help overcome this by participating in activities to pick up trash on the beach or river.